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Posted by / 21-Jul-2020 21:18

Xxx dating zimbabwe

In 2015, Population Services International and UNITAID began HIV Self-Testing Africa (STAR), a four-year project to scale up self-testing in Zimbabwe, Malawi and Zambia.In the first year, nearly 380,000 free HIV self-test kits were distributed in 27 districts in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.For example, only 69% of men believe a woman has the right to refuse sexual intercourse if she knows he has sex with other women.And although in the minority, 23% of females believe women do not have the right to ask their partner to use a condom if he has a sexually transmitted infection (STI).4 More than a third of women who have been married have experienced physical or sexual violence from their partner.5 This prevents women from being able to negotiate using a condom, and puts them at higher biological risk of HIV.However, there is a large discrepancy between men and women, with 76% of women and girls living with HIV aware of their status, compared to 68% of positive men and boys.20 The number of HIV tests carried out in Zimbabwe has increased from 19.4 million in 2011 to 22 million in 2015, although this figure is below the government’s intended target of 25.2 million.21 The Zimbabwe Demographic Heath Survey 2015 (ZDHS 2015) shows an increase in testing, with 49% of women reporting being tested in the last 12 months compared to 34% in 2011.

Zimbabwe has one of the highest HIV prevalences in sub-Saharan Africa at 12.7%, with 1.3 million people living with HIV in 2018.1 The HIV epidemic in Zimbabwe is generalised and is largely driven by unprotected heterosexual sex.

Among young men, HIV prevalence holds steady at around 2.5% until the age of 23-24 when it increases to 6%.8 However, as only 64% of young women (15-24) and 47.5% of young men have ever tested for HIV, prevalence among this group could be significantly higher.9 In 2015, 17% of young women aged 15-19 in Zimbabwe reported having had sex with a man 10 years older in the past 12 months.

This 'sugar-daddy' culture can contribute to an elevated risk of HIV for young women as they are exposed to older men who may be more likely to have HIV, or who hold the power in the relationship and determine condom use.10 Only 46% of young women and 47% of young men have comprehensive knowledge about HIV, limiting their ability to take control of their sexual health.11 More than half of all sex workers in Zimbabwe are living with HIV.

- .17 Sex workers, and the organisations representing them, have minimal involvement in the Zimbabwean response to HIV.

This marginalises them and prevents them from accessing services.

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This hampers sex workers' ability to negotiate condom use with clients, heightening their risk of HIV.15 However, a criminal case against nine sex workers in 2015, which found in the sex workers’ favour due to the absence of a client being present at their time of arrest was widely reported in Zimbabwe’s media as signifying that the police were no longer allowed to arrest sex workers.